In this post we will guide to install and setup Apache Maven in Linux system. The same Apache Maven you can also use in Jenkins for building Java projects. The steps written in this article are generic and you can follow the same steps in almost all Linux distros.
What is Apache Maven
Apache Maven is a build automation software. Primarily it is used in Java projects, it can also be used for building other language based projects like C#,ruby,scala. Apache Maven is based on the concept of POM (Project Object Model).
Apache Software Foundation hosts the Maven project hence it is known as Apache Maven.
Steps of Installing Apache Maven in Linux
Installation steps of Apache Maven is generic with almost all Linux/Unix distros.
If you are looking to setup Maven in Jenkins then follow the installation steps in your Jenkins Servers.
Download Apache Maven
Always download the latest and stable Apache Maven from it official websites.
Create Maven installation directory
sudo mkdir -p /opt/maven
Extract the downloaded Maven binary file
sudo tar -xvzf apache-maven-3.6.0-bin.tar.gz -C /opt/maven/ --strip-components=1
Create symlink to make mvn command available to all users
sudo ln -s /opt/maven/bin/mvn /usr/bin/mvn
Now you can verify the absolute path of mvn command by using
which command. Here is the output from our system.
user1@server01:~$ which mvn /usr/bin/mvn user1@server01:~$
You can also validate by using some parameter with mvn command. For example,
user1@server01:~$ mvn --version Apache Maven 3.6.0 (97c98ec64a1fdfee7767ce5ffb20918da4f719f3; 2018-10-24T18:41:47Z) Maven home: /opt/maven Java version: 1.8.0_192, vendor: Oracle Corporation, runtime: /opt/java/jdk1.8.0_192/jre Default locale: en_US, platform encoding: UTF-8 OS name: "linux", version: "4.15.0-43-generic", arch: "amd64", family: "unix" user1@server01:~$
Now you can call the mvn command from the application which can use the system. When you install Maven in Jenkins Server, you can directly call it from Jobs.
Using Maven In Jenkins (Without Plugin)
When you install the Apache Maven in Jenkins server, without Jenkins Maven Plugin you can build the java app. The given below screenshot will help you in this.
2. Create new “Freestyle project”
3. Give Git repo url of your Java application source code and related details. Use the git credential to access the git repo. (Learn more about “Jenkins Credentials”)
4. Now scroll down and reach to ‘Build’ section. Click on “Add build step” >> select “Invoke top-level Maven Targets”.
5. Click on “Advanced” button in ‘Build’ section. It will show more options.
6. Now here you can provide all the values related to Maven and your Java Project.
This article comprising the basic information of setting Maven in Jenkins. Hope, it will help you in kickstart of your first Java application build. We will describe more about building Java app from Jenkins in our next article.