Install KVM on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Desktop

KVM ( Kernel-based Virtual Machine ) is virtualisation software which is used for creating virtual machines on host system. In this post, we will share installation method of KVM on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. We also include brief introduction of problem we have faced during installation and its solution we will also share.

We recommend you to read the official page of KVM.


Because it is virtualisation software, it is very important to check below given requirement before installing the KVM on system.

1. Check processor supports virtualisation

Use the below given command, to make sure processor (CPU) supports virtualisation.

egrep -c '(vmx|svm)' /proc/cpuinfo

=> If output is 0 it means that your CPU doesn’t support hardware virtualization.

=> If output is 1 or more it support hardware virtualisation ( NOTE: virtualisation should be enabled in the system BIOS)

2. Check Operating System architecture

Use the any of the below given command to check Operating System’s architecture



uname -m

x86_64 represents 64 bit kernel.
i386, i486, i586 or i686 represents 32 bit kernel.

On 32-bit kernel install, we will be limited to 2GB RAM at maximum for a given VM.
32-bit kernel only host 32-bit guest kernel.Whereas 64-bit kernel can host both 32-bit and 64-bit guest O.S.

Follow installation steps of KVM on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS (Desktop)

Step 1 : Install KVM and other supportive packages

sudo apt-get install qemu-kvm libvirt-bin bridge-utils

Step 2 : Check the changes (For learning purpose)

Read the changes happened in /etc/group and /etc/passwd file.

Two group get created –
1. kvm
2. libvirtd (You can see user called sharad is part of this group. I login with this user and doing installation, hence by defualt it is part of this group)

sudo cat /etc/group

Two new users get created. Both users have false login means it is required for KVM software.
1. libvirt-qemu
2. libvirt-dnsmasq

sudo cat /etc/passwd
libvirt-qemu:x:119:128:Libvirt Qemu,,,:/var/lib/libvirt:/bin/false
libvirt-dnsmasq:x:120:129:Libvirt Dnsmasq,,,:/var/lib/libvirt/dnsmasq:/bin/false

Step 3 : Verify KVM Installation

After installation of packages which we have done in Step 1. Run the below given command to verify KVM installation

virsh -c qemu:///system list

On first time we faced the error. Given below is details.

sharad@linuxworld:~$ virsh -c qemu:///system list
error: failed to connect to the hypervisor
error: Failed to connect socket to '/var/run/libvirt/libvirt-sock': Permission denied

Solution: For solving this, just relogin (logout – login back) with same user account into system.

Now run the same command once again. It should show below given output. It verifies, KVM installation is complete.

Step 4: Install Virt-Manager

To control and manage the KVM in our desktop, we will install virt-manager.

sudo apt-get install virt-manager

After installation get completed. To open the virt-manager simply run the below given command


On first time, we got the below given error while opening virt-manager


Solution is simple. Install the qemu system.
Close the opened Virt-Manager windows. And run the command –

sudo apt-get install qemu-system

Retry once again and open the virt-manager by using command


It should be opened without any problem.


Step 5 : Create first virtual machine

Before creating first virtual machine. stop/start libvirt-bin.

sudo stop libvirt-bin
sudo start libvirt-bin

Now you can create the Virtual machine , by opening virt-manager.

stop/start of libvirt-bin is solution of given below error

Unable to complete install:'unsupported configuration hda-duplex not supported in this Qemu binary' 

At the time of creating our first VM, we got this error windows.Here is the reference

27 thoughts on “Install KVM on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Desktop”

  1. When I click for creating a new virtual machine in the Virtual Machine Manager it says:
    Warning: KVM is not installed. …………………………. Your virtual machines may perform poorly.

  2. encountering 2 issues
    1)a user account (Libvirt Qemu) is created and i am not able to open it because i dont have the password.
    2)also when i click to create a new virtual machine it shows me a warning “KVM is not available………………………………. your virtual machines may perform poorly”

  3. Perfecto.
    Antes de éste post no había conseguido instalar y utilizar KVM.
    Ahora funciona perfectamente.
    Muchas gracias.

    Before this post I couldn’t install and run KVM.
    Now it run very well.
    Thank you very much.

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